Group of pictures showing symbols of India    

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In this lesson:
- Learn about Mahatma Gandhi's role in India's independence struggle.
- Explore aspects of non-violent resistance as a central value of Mahatma Gandhi's beliefs and leadership.
- Find out about the role of non-violent resistance in promoting justice in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Video resource:
Mahatma Gandhi: Pilgrim of Peace Documentary, 44 minutes
Extension Activity:
Teacher Guide
More Extension Activities:

Watch-Ask-Think  What is non-violent resistance?

Read-Ask-Think  Can India progress while keeping to the caste system?


Mahatma Gandhi: What is non-violent resistance?

Keywords:  Mahatma Gandhi, Bapuji, Independence, National Symbol, non-violence, ahimsa, satyagraha, Quit India Movement, Salt March, Swarajya, ashram, caste, untouchables, Harijan, Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela

Gandhiji_from_'India_Perspectives'_January-March_2008What is non-violent resistance?


Watch this video - Gandhi's Salt March

Before watching:
Ask yourself: What does the term non-violent resistance mean to you?

Click here for a glossary of terms

What do the terms satyagraha, ashram and swaraj mean?

Ask: Grades K- 3

Explain the words satyagraha, ashram, swaraj and the Salt Act to your little ones.  What do they mean to you?
Why is he called the Father of the Nation in India?
What did he teach us?
Could you follow his teachings in your life?  Like Munna Bhai perhaps?  

Ask: For 4-5 graders

What was going on in the video? What were the two goals Mahatma Gandhi wanted for India?
How is this clip an example of non-violent resistance? What does this reveal about Gandhiji’s character? Can you think of problems that can be resolved without resorting to violence?

Ask: For grades 6 and up

Questions for 4-5 graders are recommended. Also:
Why do you think so many people were willing to follow Gandhiji in this march?

Think:  Was Mahatma Gandhi’s strategy effective? Why or why not?


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This lesson plan was developed by Jing Ting Wee.

Updated October 2014