Group of pictures showing symbols of India    

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India's National Flag


Keywords from the video:   President's Bodyguard, Rajpath, Camel Patrol of the Border Security Force, India's National Flag, NCC - National Cadet Corps, National Bravery Awards, Jai Hind, Beating of the Retreat, the first Republic Day


A Note About the Flag

 National Flag

The National Flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.

The significance of the colors and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag.  Dr. S. Radhakrishnan explained—“Bhagwa or the saffron color denotes renunciation of disinterestedness.  Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.  The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.  The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends.  The Ashoka Wheel in the center of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma.  Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag.  Again, the wheel denotes motion.  There is death in stagnation.  There is life in movement.  India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward.   The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.”  Source:  


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Last reviewed December 2010

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